The Lord Jehovah Speaks

Job – Part 2: The Lord Jehovah Speaks

The Lord Jehovah Speaks

1. In the last 35 chapters of Job (since chapter 1& 2 are not known to man then), God has not said anything.

2. In chapter 38, the silence will be broken. Will Job’s queries about life and tragedy be explained?

3. Our presentation today will cover Chapter 38 – 42. We have titled this part of our presentation as ‘The Lord Jehovah Speaks”.

4. Outline of the last 5 chapters of Job. It is noted that God spoke twice to Job who responded twice,

God spoke twice:

Job 38:1 – 40:2
Job 40:6 – 41:34

Job responded twice:

Job 40: 3-5
Job 42: 1-6

5. These last 5 chapters also see the change in the use of the name of GOD:

Change in the use of God's Name

  • In Chapters 1 to 37, God was referred to as El-Shaddai,
  • From Chapters 38 to 42, God was referred to as Yahweh or Jehovah,
  • The name “El Shaddai” (pronounced “el shad-dy”) means The All-Sufficient One and is usually translated in English Bibles as “God Almighty” or “the Almighty”,
  • El Shaddai is our All-Sufficient Sustainer. It is God as “El” who helps, and it is God as “Shaddai” who abundantly blesses with all manner of blessings,
  • Examples of El Shaddai (the Almighty) used in can be found in Job 33:4 and Job 34:12.

6. The Lord – Yahweh or Jehovah which is God’s covenant name appears from Chap 38 vs 1 onwards:

  • YAHWEH (written as “LORD” in most English Bibles) means “the self-existent one” and denotes God’s personal name His eternity (“I AM”),
  • It is often used in relationship to God as a personal Redeemer and Covenant-keeper.

Significant Change in the Name of God

7. What is the significance of the change (meaning from the Almighty to Yahweh or Jehovah)?

  • Bonded by a covenant made with His people, God has
    • not abandoned Job,
    • did not abandon Job and
    • cannot abandon Job.
  • The relationship with His people is a personal one. He is no more the detached distant God,
  • This is evident in Job being referred to fondly as ‘my servant’,
  • This can be seen in the various references to Job as “my servant” by God in:
Job 1:8 and Job 2:3 to Satan
Job 42:7 & Job 42:8 to 3 friends

8. Some of names of God and their meanings show on the screen:

Names of God

9. It is in the knowing and understanding of these names that we gain greater insight, love, respect, and reverence for who He is:

God desires us to understand the manner of
His character, He wants us to know, not only
His name, but to know Him through His names

10. Chapter 38:1 recorded that God finally spoke to Job out of the storm.

“Then the LORD answered Job out of the storm”. Some bibles translate as whirlwind. In the old testament, GOD spoke to His people through an element or medium such as in Exodus, God appeared to Moses through the burning bush:

  • There the angel of the LORD appeared to him in flames of fire from within a bush. Moses saw that though the bush was on fire it did not burn up. So Moses thought, “I will go over and see this strange sight – why the bush does not burn up.”

Moses through the Burning Bush

11. And to the Nation Israel on Mount Sinai where there was thunder and lightning, with a thick cloud over the mountain, and a very loud trumpet blast. Everyone in the camp trembled. Then Moses led the people out of the camp to meet with God, and they stood at the foot of the mountain:

Nation on Mount Sinai

12. Job 38:2 recorded the encounter in which, God:

  • Reprimanded Job, as well as
  • Challenged Job

It reads:

Job 38:2 – “who is this that darkens my counsel with words without knowledge?”

It is to be noted that the reprimand was for ignorance, for empty speech lacking in wisdom.
It is not for sin also; which was the accusations of Job’s 3 friends.

13. In Job Chapter 38 to 41; God’s challenge to Job in the fast and furious questions:

Can you explain My creation? Chap 38:1-38
Can you oversee My creation? Chap 38 : 39 to Chap39:30
Can you subdue My creation? Chap 40:6 – 41:34

14. There are a total of 55 questions that God put to Job on nature and origin of universe. These are statements of facts of God’s attributes. Please study them in details in your class to know more about our GOD.

Behemoth and Leviathan

15. There are 44 verses devoted to describing Behemoth and Leviathan:

  • Yet we do not know what creatures these are today,
  • What we do know is that one is a herbivore while the other lives in water (and perhaps is an amphibian),
  • They have been described as awesome creatures which only the Almighty God can manage.

16. We can see that the questions on creation and on these 2 creatures left Job speechless not because he is not articulate but because he saw the power and the might of God.

17. So, What is the reaction of Job to the questionings?

  • We know that Job would have no answer,
  • Job would have to reflect and to realise his own inability, his own limitations, and
  • He is humbled. He felt unworthy.

18. Then Job answered the LORD:

Job 40:3-5
“I am unworthy – how can I reply to you?
I put my hand over my mouth.
I spoke once, but I have no answer – twice, but I will say no more.”

19. Let us examine some of the questions and answers between God and Job:

Questions and Answers Between God & Job

20. At the end of the questionings,

  • Job repents and acknowledges the power of God,
  • He had uttered what he did not understand,
  • That he was ignorant.

The effect of the questioning by God was the spiritual revelation and understanding by Job of His Mighty God.

21. We can see in Job 42: 6 that Job eventually surrendered to God, he said “Therefore I despise myself and repent in dust and ashes.”

Job Repented

22. Now let us see what was God angry about Job’s 3 friends?

Why God is angry with Job's 3 Friends

23. As last Job recognized that God’s ways are best and he was restored. God blessed him twice as much.

Lessons Learnt

24. There are many lessons that we can draw or learn from the Book of Job. We have listed 5 of them in the following slides:

  • Do not be afraid when trials come in your lives, but we can be sure God is all powerful and knows what He is doing.
    1Cor 10:13 and Romans 8:28 reminds us that:

Do not be afraid of Trials

  • Do not judge nor be quick to judge.
    Remember in Job 42:7 – God’s wrath was against the 3 friends for they have not spoken of (God) what is right. Also, in Matt 7:1-2:

Do not be quick to judge

  • Humble yourself before God.
    Job’s encounter with God’s sovereignty and majesty left him deeply aware of his sins and inability to justify himself. We also see in Eph 4:2 and James 4:10 as follows:

Humble yourself before God

Now we will show you 2 earlier verses from Job on how a humble person should be before God, just like what Job said and did:

Job humbled

  • Do not blame God when trials come in your lives.
    From the book of Job ie. Job 2:10b and James 1:12, says:

Do not blame God when trials come in your lives

So if we persevere under trial, we will be blessed. The blessings may not be on earth but definitely will be crowned in heaven.

Lastly, on lessons learnt:

  • Allow God to take charge of your lives.
    As we know that God is in control of our lives!
John 3:30
“He must become greater; I must become less.”

25. In Job 1:9 Satan had asked God “Does Job fear God for nothing?” We are aware that at that point Job had everything going for him. He then went through great trials and sufferings and yet He continued to fear GOD.

26. And what about us? One more thing that we would like to bring to your attention:

The book of Job arrives at the same conclusion. And He said to man, “The fear of the Lord – that is wisdom, and to shun evil is understanding (Job 28:28).

27. The Book of Job presents two contrasting topics:

  • Human knowledge vs Divine Wisdom

28. “Who is wise?” dominated the whole book. The noun “wisdom” occurs 22 times, and the adjective “wise” occurs 10 times.

29. Human knowledge – The arguments of Elipahz, Bildad, Zophar and Elihu represent the age-old human knowledge. Job too, at the end of the crisis, acknowledged his own finite human limitation in terms of his understanding of God.

30. Divine Wisdom – The key to understanding the Book of Job can be found especially in chapter 28, which clearly tells us the fear of the Lord is the beginning of divine wisdom. The importance of the fear of God is highlighted 8 times in the Book of Job.

31. And finally, is there a little of Eliphaz or Bildad or Zophar or Elihu in us?