The Fall

Genesis (Chapter 1 to 11) – Be Basic
The Fall

Adam & Eve

Where did the Fall takes Place – The Fall took place in the Garden eastward in Eden. Eden was believed to be located in the “Fertile Crescent”, a region in the Middle East.
God planted a special garden eastward in Eden (Gen 2:18) to be home of the first couple, which he showed His infinite love and care for His special creation. There was a river that separated into 4 rivers, one of which was the Euphrates River (Gen 2:14). In Iraq today there is a River Euphrates. This is unlikely the same river. Because after Noah’s flood, which changed the whole landscape. So the location of Eden is not known.

Who were Involved in the Fall – The parties that were involved in the Fall were:
The serpent – John identified this creature as Satan.

Rev 12:9 – “the serpent of old who is called the devil and Satan, who deceives the whole world.”

The woman (Eve), and Adam.

What Happened in the Fall – Here is the outline of the fall:

    • Temptation to Sin (Gen 3:1-5)
      • In Gen 2:16-17, The Lord God commanded Adam saying, ‘From any tree of the garden you may eat freely; but from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat from it you will surely die’.
      • In Gen 3:1, the serpent started by asking the woman a question, “ … Indeed, has God said, ‘You shall not eat from any tree of the garden?’” This was to start her on a path of questioning God … to doubting God. To paraphrase the serpent’s question “You shall not eat from any tree of the garden, is that what God had said?” God said they could eat from any tree and every tree of the garden but there was one tree that they were not to eat of. From the dialogue, the serpent tried to lead the woman to think that God was restrictive.
      • In Gen 3:3, And the woman replied to the serpent ‘From the fruit of the trees of the garden we may eat, but from the fruit of the tree which is in the middle of the garden God has said you shall not eat from it or touch it lest you die.’ The woman joined in the cause of the serpent and made God appear harsh by adding the words “or touch it”.
      • The Fall took place then when the woman stopped loving the Lord with all her heart, soul and mind and strength. Loving him means believing Him and trusting Him. She doubted God’s goodness because she felt that God was holding back from her something very good.
      • In Gen 3:4-5, The serpent said to the woman ‘You surely will not die! For God knows that in the day you eat from it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.’

        In other words the serpent was saying ‘The fruit will not kill her, it is so good that it will make her like God.’

Adam and Eve Part-take the Fruits

  • The Fall into Sin (Gen 3:6)
    • In Gen 3:6, When the woman saw that the fruit of the tree was good for food, a delight to the eyes, and desirable for gaining wisdom, she took from its fruit and ate; and she gave also to her husband with her and he ate it.

      She had already sinned in her mind (by doubting God). What was in her mind was working in her emotions in order to activate her will to actually take the fruit.

    • The woman was deceived by the serpent through the whole process. Adam also joined in the sin. Both of them disobeyed God. God commanded them not to eat from only one particular tree and they disobeyed God. In 1 Cor 15:22 “As in Adam all die … “. This is the principle of headship in the Bible where it starts with Adam. In 1 Cor 11. “The husband is the head of the wife as God is the head of Christ.” Man then bears the responsibility.
  • Results of the Fall into Sin (Gen 3:7-13)
    • Once they have taken the fruit, they begin to experience changes in them. They experienced wicked corrupt thoughts that were somehow related to their physical appearances. Therefore, they covered themselves with fig leaves. They felt guilty before God and that was why they were hiding from God. They knew they would be subjected to judgment and the judgment was death. Had God just killed Adam and the woman, it would have been a righteous execution. There was nothing in them that elicits from God and deserved kindness. Here we see God’s grace for the first time. This is not grace that grants them salvation at this point. It was grace that withholds from them destruction.
    • “Then the Lord God called to the man, and said to him ‘Where are you?'” Gen 3:10.
      “Then the Lord God said to the woman, ‘What is this you have done?'” Gen 3:13.

      These are not simply questions God asked to find out where Adam was hiding or what the woman had done. It is God coming to sinners in a gracious way, giving them the opportunity to acknowledge their sinful condition.

    • Deprave sinners in their pride are too proud to acknowledge the reality and enormity of what they have done so that even before the Holy God they cannot bring themselves to tell the truth. The fallen nature is corrupt. Corruption is evasive, deceptive, self-protective, self-justifying and it is blame shifting.
  • Judgments of the Fall into Sin (Gen 3:14-19)
    • Sin violated God’s law. It violated God’s nature. It violated God’s glory. But in spite of all these, it did not and does not threaten God’s sovereignty. God is still sovereign and the immediate articulation of the curses demonstrates God’s sovereignty. The serpent henceforth, would crawl on the ground, eat dust and be hated above all creatures.  (Gen 3:14).
      Satan, who used the serpent to deceive, was given the following judgment in Gen 3:15 – “And I will put enmity Between you and the woman, And between your seed and her seed; He shall bruise you on the head And you shall bruise him on the heel.”

      This is the first mention in scripture of Satan’s defeat by the “seed” of the woman which is Jesus Christ. Gen 3:15 is pivotal, key verse for the book of Genesis.

    • The woman would suffer pain in childbearing and her husband would rule over her as the head of the home (Gen 3:16). Adam would find labour to be a struggle. The ground was cursed to bring forth thorns and thistles. For man to get food, he would have to toil by the sweat of labour. Adam and Eve must leave the garden. Adam and Eve’s bodies would die.
  • The Recovery (Gen 3:20-24)
    • Up till now, the woman is still without a name. In Gen 3:20 “Now the man called his wife Eve, because she was the mother of all the living.”  By naming his wife Eve, Adam now believed God. He believed in the great promise with regards to salvation in Gen 3:15. Satan will be defeated, he will be destroyed by someone born of woman. Both Adam and Eve believed that God would provide a Saviour, a Deliverer, one who will overturn the Fall, crush the serpent’s head and bring back paradise.
    • God requires death for sin. God has every right to kill Adam and Eve instantaneously. Because of God’s mercy and grace He clothed the naked, exposed, guilty, shamed sinners with a covering provided by the death of an innocent substituteIn the same way, the innocent Jesus died for our sins.
  • God’s other attributes
    • Through the fall we see God’s grace, mercy, forgiveness, salvation, justice and wrath. In order for God to demonstrates grace, mercy, forgiveness and salvation, and for Him to display His justice and wrath, He allows evil.