Genesis (Chapter 25 – 50) – Be Authentic
– Presented on 22 Nov 09 by the Young Adult ” Class (Teacher: Tan Seng Chee and Deborah)
Author of Genesis
- Traditionally, always assumed to be Moses.
- No conclusive reasons to deny the Mosaic authorship
- Date of authorship likely between 1440 & 1400 B.C.
- Between the time Moses led the Israelites out of Egypt & his death.
Purpose of writing Genesis
- Sometimes called the “seed-plot” of the entire Bible.
- Most of the major doctrines in the Bible find their origin in Genesis.
The doctrines of :
- imputation of sin, justification, atonement, depravity, wrath, grace
- sovereignty, responsibility…..
- Are first mentioned in this book of origins called Genesis.
The Book of Genesis can be divided into two Sections:
1. Primitive History Records
- Fall of man
2. Patriarchal History Records
39 chapters of narratives devoted to four great men:
- Covers approximately 350 years of history
Presentation on Gen 25:11 – 50
- The Patriarchal Period – An Overview
- Place in Biblical History
Bible history may be divided into three periods of time called dispensations. A dispensation is a system of the laws and promises by which God deals with man, and there have been broadly three different dispensations or periods since the beginning of the world.
1. The Patriarch Period – so called because during this period of time, God spoke directly to the father of families (the patriarchs) with instructions for that specific family. This might be what is referred to as a family religion. This period lasted from Adam to Mt Sinai, a period of approximately 2500 years. This was a time of verbal instruction, not written teaching.
2. The Mosaical Period – also called the Jewish Age. A time in history when God separated the children of Israel (descendants of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob) from among the other nations and made them His own special people. Lasted from Mt Sinai to the death of Christ, a period of approximately 1500 years. Also called Mosaical age because God gave His law to Israel through Moses. The 10 commandments was given in Exodus 20 and other detailed instructions in the rest of Exodus and Leviticus. Important to note that God has a special purpose and law for Israel. He did not abandon the other nations. He continued to deal with faithful Gentiles in the same direct way He always had. In discussing the purpose and duration of the Law of Moses, the apostle Paul said “What purpose then the Law serve ? It was added because of transgressions, till the Seed should come to whom the promise was made.” [Gal 3:19]. Note that the Law did not replace the patriarch system, but to have been added to it.
The OT encompasses both the Patriarch period and the Mosaic age. However the OT predicts its own demise and replacement with the New Testament [Jer 31:31-34 and Hebrews 8:8-13].
3. The Christian Age – also called the Gospel Age. Began with the death of Christ on the cross, His resurrection and will continue until end of time. Heb 9:15 “For this reason Christ is the mediator of a new covenant, that those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance-now that he has died as a ransom to set them free from the sins committed under the first covenant.”
Rom 1:16-17 “I am not ashamed of the gospel, because it is the power of God for the salvation of everyone who believes: first for the Jew, then for the Gentile. 17 For in the gospel a righteousness from God is revealed, a righteousness that is by faith from first to last, just as it is written: “The righteous will live by faith.”
Throughout the ages, the covenant of grace was the common principle that was and is effective to all those who were / are called out by God before the time of creation until the end of time.
- Place in Genesis
- The 4 Great Patriarchs
- God’s Promise to Abraham (Gen. 12:1-3):Now the LORD had said to Abram:
“Get out of your country,
From your family
And from your father’s house,
To a land that I will show you.
I will make you a great nation;
I will bless you and make your name great;
And you shall be a blessing.
I will bless those who bless you,
And I will curse him who curses you;
And in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed
– around 2000 BC received a vision from God that instructed him to leave his home in Ur (Mesopotamia) and move to Haran and later Canaan.
– began monotheisitic tradition
- The Family Tree
- What did the Promise mean?
“In your seed all the nations of the earth shall be blessed, because you have obeyed My voice.”
Now to Abraham and his Seed were the promises made. He does not say, “And to seeds,” as of many, but as of one, “And to your Seed,” who is Christ.
Did Abraham ever own this land that was promised to him? – NO !
Did Abraham live to see the numbers of his offspring become uncountable? – NO !
- Arabs in Biblical Prophecy (Genesis 25:12-18)
This section of Genesis (17: 19 – 21) records the fulfillment of all the promises God made to Hagar & Abraham concerning
Ishmael. The effect of this is to assure us that the Lord, who was faithful to those who were not of the chosen line, will
certainly make sure that his much greater promises through Isaac will be fulfilled.
Arabs & The Gospel
- Abraham was saved by faith before he became circumcised
- So Arabs like all Gentiles can be saved by faith
Conversion of Arabs
- Acts 2:11 – (both Jews and converts to Judaism); Cretans and Arabs – we hear them declaring the wonders of God in our own tongues!”
- Isa 60:7 – All Kedar’s flocks will be gathered to you, the rams of Nebaioth will serve you; they will be accepted as offerings on my altar, and I will adorn my glorious temple.
- Much hostility still exists between Jew and Arab as was prophesied in the Bible.
- Lasting peace can only be found when they become one in the Lord Jesus Christ.
- 12 Tribes of Israel
- Abraham begot Isaac
- Isaac begot Jacob
- To be an Israelite by blood, a person must be a descendent of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
- Jacob begot 12 sons.
- The 12 sons of Jacob are the patriarchs of the 12 tribes of Israel.
– Each one of the eleven sons of Jacob, except Joseph, became father of a tribe
– Joseph himself was not a father of a tribe
– He received a double portion of honor because of the two tribes descended from his two sons, Ephraim & Manasseh.
- The 12 sons of Jacob are the patriarchs of the 12 tribes of Israel.
- Jacob’s formal adoption of Ephraim & Manasseh (1 Chron 5:1-2)
- 5:1 The sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel (he was the firstborn, but when he defiled his father’s marriage bed, his rights as firstborn were given to the sons of Joseph son of Israel; so he could not be listed in the genealogical record in accordance with his birthright, 2 and though Judah was the strongest of his brothers and a ruler came from him, the rights of the firstborn belonged to Joseph)
- Well-known descendants of certain Tribes
- Tribe of Benjamin – King Saul, Paul the apostle [a.k.a. Saul of Tarsus]
- Tribe of Levi – Moses, Aaron
- Tribe of Judah – King David, King Solomon, many other kings; Lord Jesus, the Messia
- The Promised Land
- The Promised Land [Canaan], plus an area on the east side of the Jordan River, was allocated among the 12 Tribes
- As the priestly tribe, Levi was given no land. Instead, God gave Levi the tithes of the people of Israel
- Jacob’s son Joseph had two sons, Manasseh & Ephraim
- By Jacob’s command, Joseph’s sons, Manasseh & Ephraim, were regarded as de facto “tribes” of Israel
- Land allocations of Joseph & Levi were given instead to Ephraim & Manasseh, preserving *12* as the number of tribes
- Life of the Patriarchs – Isaac, Jacob & Joseph
Sons of Jacob Jacob’s Prophecies (Genesis 49.1-27) 01-Reuben Reuben, you are my firstborn, My might and the beginning of my strength, The excellency of dignity and the excellency of power. Unstable as water, you shall not excel, Because you went up to your father’s bed; Then you defiled it -He went up to my couch. 02-Simeon Simeon and Levi are brothers; Instruments of cruelty are in their dwelling place. Let not my soul enter their council; Let not my honor be united to their assembly; For in their anger they slew a man, And in their self-will they hamstrung an ox. Cursed be their anger, for it is fierce; And their wrath, for it is cruel! I will divide them in Jacob And scatter them in Israel. 03-Levi 04-Judah Judah, you are he whom your brothers shall praise; Your hand shall be on the neck of your enemies; Your father’s children shall bow down before you. Judah is a lion’s whelp; From the prey, my son, you have gone up. He bows down, he lies down as a lion; And as a lion, who shall rouse him? The scepter shall not depart from Judah, Nor a lawgiver from between his feet, Until Shiloh comes; And to Him shall be the obedience of the people. Binding his donkey to the vine, And his donkey’s colt to the choice vine, He washed his garments in wine, And his clothes in the blood of grapes. His eyes are darker than wine, And his teeth whiter than milk. 05-Dan Dan shall judge his people As one of the tribes of Israel. Dan shall be a serpent by the way, A viper by the path, That bites the horse’s heels So that its rider shall fall backward. I have waited for your salvation, O LORD! 06-Naphtali Naphtali is a deer let loose; He uses beautiful words. 07-Gad Gad, a troop shall tramp upon him, But he shall triumph at last. 08-Asher Bread from Asher shall be rich, And he shall yield royal dainties. 09-Issachar “Issachar is a strong donkey, Lying down between two burdens; He saw that rest was good, And that the land was pleasant; He bowed his shoulder to bear a burden, And became a band of slaves. 10-Zebulun Zebulun shall dwell by the haven of the sea; He shall become a haven for ships, And his border shall adjoin Sidon. 11-Joseph Joseph is a fruitful bough, A fruitful bough by a well; His branches run over the wall. The archers have bitterly grieved him, Shot at him and hated him. But his bow remained in strength, And the arms of his hands were made strong By the hands of the Mighty God of Jacob (From there is the Shepherd, the Stone of Israel), By the God of your father who will help you, And by the Almighty who will bless you With blessings of heaven above, Blessings of the deep that lies beneath, Blessings of the breasts and of the womb. The blessings of your father Have excelled the blessings of my ancestors, Up to the utmost bound of the everlasting hills. They shall be on the head of Joseph, And on the crown of the head of him who was separate from his brothers. 12-Benjamin Benjamin is a ravenous wolf; In the morning he shall devour the prey, And at night he shall divide the spoil.