I Timothy

I, II Timothy & Titus – The Good Fight of Faith
I Timothy

Key Verse: 1 Tim 3:15

“I write so that you will know how one ought to conduct himself in the household of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and support of the truth.”

a. Purpose

  • To give encouragement and instruction to Timothy a young leader.

b. Author

  • Paul

c. To Whom Written

  • Timothy, young church leader and all believers everywhere. The addressing of the letter can tell the intimate association with Paul. He was treated like a spiritual son.

d. Date Written

  • About AD 64 from Rome or Macedonia (probably Philippi) written during his last few years.

e. Setting

  • Timothy was one of Paul’s closest companion. Paul had sent Timothy to the church at Ephesus to counter the false teaching that had arisen. Timothy is temporary serving the church and Paul hoped to visit Timothy but in the meantime wrote the letter to give Timothy practical advice about the ministry.

f. Key Place : Ephesus

  • Is the commercial, political and religious center of Western Asia.
  • It is one of the leading cities of the ancient Roman world. Population is about 300,000 people.
  • Ephesus is prominent because of the following factors:-
    1) Economics – it is the most favorable seaport in Asia.
    2) Culture

    • it is well known for its theater.
    • it was and still is the largest in the world.
    • it has a capacity of containing 25,000 spectators.

    3) Religion
    – Ephesus was deeply religious. Her chief devotion was to Diana (called Artemis by the Greeks) meaning goddess of fertility. The temple was known to be one of the Seven wonders of the ancient World. Paul came to Ephesus about AD 51-52. He labored in Ephesus for 3 years and laid the foundation for the strongest Christian church of the 1st century.

g. Special Features

  • Timothy became a believer after Paul’s first missionary journey and joined him for his other two journeys. He was Paul’s special
    representative on several occasions.

    • I Timothy is a personal letter and a handbook of church administration and encouraging Christian discipline. He wrote to Timothy a young co-worker and treated him as his spiritual son. These letters provided Timothy with encouragement in his ministry. Timothy at this time had a heavy responsibility as the overseer of the work at Ephesus and other Asian cities. At this moment Timothy was facing a difficult ministry in Ephesus. He was struggling with a timid and reserve nature. He was unable to correct some of the problems in the church at Corinth when Paul sent him there. He allowed others to look down on his youthfulness.
    • Being a mentor Paul encourages Timothy that youthfulness should not be an excuse for ineffectiveness.
    • Inadequacies and inabilities should not keep us from being available to God.
    • Paul urged Timothy to develop qualified leadership.
    • Combating false teaching with sound teaching.
    • And teaching God’s word.

h. OutLines

The Epistle may be divided as follows:-

  1. Warning about Heresy in Doctrine and Life (Chp 1:3-11)
    a) He warns Timothy about false teachers telling him how to recognize them and respond to them.
    b) Paul gives instruction on the right belief.
    c) He instructs Timothy to preserve the Christian faith by teaching sound doctrine and encourage him to model himself the right Christian living.
  2. Paul’s personal witness and charge to Timothy (Chp 1:12-20)
    Paul shares to Timothy that he was once a prosecutor of Christ and now into an apostle. He charges Timothy in continuing to believe the truth.
  3. Instructions about Prayer and the place of women in the church (Chp 2)
    a) Paul exhorts to pray for all men especially those who holds power and authority.
    Kosmos a basic ring. Also meant ornament, decoration especially of women. I Tim 2: 9 -10,
    “Likewise, I want women to adorn themselves with proper clothing, modestly and discreetly, not with braided hair and gold or pearls or costly garments, but rather by means of good works, as is proper for women making a claim to godliness.”
    In Paul’s day women showed off their wealth and drew attention to others by wearing costly garments. This may stir up envy on the poorer women. Paul desires that women should adorn themselves modestly and sensibly.
    Not with fanciful hair styles or gold or pearls or costly attire to distract attention from the Lord and the purposes that are holy.
    In those day an expensive dresses worn by wealthy women could cost up to 7000 denarii which is equivalent to S$1,400/- 1 denarii is about 0.20cts.
    Dresses of the common women could cost about 500-800 denarii, about S$100 to S$160.
    The average daily wage of a common laborer was one denarius.
    Because of the extreme expense, most women probably owned only 2 or 3 nice dresses in their lives.
  4. Qualification of Elders and Deacons (Chp 3).
    Paul gives specific instruction concerning the qualification for the church leaders so that the church might honor God.
  5. The walk of the Good Minister of Jesus Christ (Chp 4)
    In this chapter 4, Paul calls to the minister that
    a) to take heed in their ministry
    a) It takes disciplines to be a leader in the church.
    b) Timothy like all pastors had to guard his motives, minister faithfully the truth.
    c) God’s ministers are to keep morally and spiritually fit.
  6. The Work of the good minister (Chp 5)
    Paul reminds the treatment of the church members. To care for the elderly, widows to treat them with respects. And also concerning the supporting of ministers. I Tim 5:17-18, “The elders who rule well are to be considered worthy of double honor, especially those who work hard at preaching and teaching.”
    Those whose ministry demands all the attention should be freed from any need to earn a living. They should be cared for and even rewarded for their service. Paul points out those ministers they should be cared and paid and not to take them for granted.
    Paul supports his point by quoting in 5:17-18, For the Scripture says “You shall not muzzle the ox while he is threshing and the laborer is worthy of his wages.”
    This has been quoted also in Deut 25:4.
    The OT law provided that the oxen who threshed the grain to provide physical food for us were to be fed. They were entitled to eat of it and not to be prevented from doing so.
  7. Warnings to a good minister (Chp 6:1 – 19)
    Paul conclude by exhorting Timothy to guard his motives to stand firm in faith and to minister faithfully.