Background

Jeremiah – Light Beyond the Darkness
– Presented on 7 Aug 06 by the Adult ‘I’ Class (Teacher: Tan Seng Chee and Deborah)


Background

a. Authorship

  • Named after its author and central personality, Jeremiah — who faithfully delivered God’s message of Judgement in spite of fierce opposition from fellow countrymen.
  • God commanded Jeremiah to record the messages (36:1-2).
  • Dictation to his scribe, Baruch:
    1. Jeremiah dictated to his scribe/secretary, Baruch who wrote them on a scroll, as commanded by God. Why King Jehoiakim cut the scroll — Angry about the prophecies made by Jeremiah about the fall of Judah.
    2. 2nd version of the book: after King Jehoiakim cut the scroll and burn it (36:22-23) – Jeremiah dictated to Baruch again.

b. Date

  • Book composed in several stages of Jeremiah ministry
  • Jeremiah’s ministry
    1. 4 decades ie. King Josiah’s 13th year (627 B.C.) to after fall of Jerusalem (586 B.C.)
      – Period of Jeremiah’s Ministry:
      Hezekiah (727 – 698 BC)
      Manasseh (697 – 642 BC)
      Amon (642 – 640 BC)
      *Josiah (640 – 609)
      *Jehoahaz (609 BC, 3 months only )
      *Jehoiakim (609 – 598 BC)
      *Jehoiachin (597 BC, 3 months only)
      *Zedekiah (597 – 586 BC)


      (Note:*indicates the periods served by Jeremiah)
    2. First material in 4th year of King Jehoiakim (605 B.C.)
    3. 2nd version of the book: after King Jehoiakim was upset with the prophecies, cut and burnt the scroll (36:22-23)
    4. Final form of book after Jeremiah’s death in 585 B.C.

c. Structure

  • One of the longest books in Bible ie 52 Chapters, one of the hardest to follow and understand, cos not arranged in chronological order
  • Disjointed arrangement:
    1. Compiled in different stages of Jeremiah ministry
    2. Not in chronological order

d. Theme

  • Judgment upon Judah
  • Restoration in future messianic kingdom (23:3-8, 30-33)
  • Destruction of other nations

e. Content

  • Major prophetic book of OT
  • Prophecies of God’s approaching judgment on Judah and other nations
  • Lamentations about the fate of Judah
  • Historical events of Judah
  • Personal experiences of Jeremiah

c. Message

  • Spiritual condition of Judah
  • Idolatory
  • Child sacrifice to idol Molech
  • Worship of “Queen of heaven”
  • Religious insincerity, adultery, tyranny against the weak, slander, dishonesty, … etc.
MESSAGE FOUR THEMES EMPHASIS TIME ELEMENTS
DESTRUCTION
REBUKE
PEOPLE’s SIN

FUTURE PREDICTED
(2:1-37)

WARNING
GOD’s RIGHTEOUSNESS
PRESENT OFFER
(20:4, 23-26, 31)
CONSTRUCTION
INVITATION
GOD’s GRACE
PRESENT OFFER
(3:1-4:4)
CONSOLATION
PEOPLE’s HOPE
FUTURE PREDICTED
(23:1-40, 30:4-11,
32:37-41, 33:14-26)